Friday, August 31, 2012
Of your charity, pray for the repose of Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini who "was born in Turin on 15 February 1927. He entered the Company of Jesus in 1944 at the age of 17 and studied Philosophy at the Aloisianum, a Jesuit Institute in the northern Italian city of Gallarate, where he had been living for the past four years. He continued his Theology studies in Chieri (Turin, Italy), where he was ordained priest on 13 July 1952. He graduated with a degree in Theology in 1958 from the Pontifical Gregorian University and after some years teaching in Chieri, he returned to Rome, where he graduated with a degree in Sacred Scripture from the Pontifical Biblical Institute, awarded the grade summa cum laude. In 1978 he was appointed as Rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University. That same year, Paul VI invited him to preach the annual retreat in the Vatican and in 1979 John Paul II appointed him Archbishop of Milan, consecrating him in person on 6 January 1980. John Paul II also created him cardinal in the 1983 Consistory. In 1986 Martini founded the Schools of social and political sciences. The series of meetings on faith held in 1987, entitled “Cattedra dei non credenti” (Lecture Series for Non Believers) were also significant. In 1997 the late cardinal led the various events for the celebration of the 16th centenary of the death of Saint Ambrose. His Pastoral Letters and Speeches to the City of Milan were hugely resonant, beyond the territorial limits of this vast diocese. These texts often examined the world of politics and non believers. In 2002 he was awarded the Great Gold Medal of the City of Milan.
He took part in numerous Assemblies held by the Synod of Bishops and was President of the Council of Bishops’ Conferences of Europe from 1987 to 1993. In 2002 the Pope accepted his resignation which he presented upon reaching the age limit for cardinals. Martini then moved to the Holy Land where he continued his Biblical studies. In 2008 he returned to Italy to be treated for Parkinson’s. The disease gradually forced him to reduce his number of public appearances."
The liturgical reform of Vatican II,'' as all the great movements for the renewal from the council is ' a matter of fact, an aquired criterion, part of the history of the Church, and 'Tradition at its best' .Everything that opposes it, it is simply outside the horizon that the Church is given, and cannot therefore be supported as any certain source'
This is what we can read today in L'Osservatore Romano, the newspaper of the Holy See In an article by Pierangelo Chiaramello, the of the Fossano Theological Institute, entitled'' The fully Montinian Reform'', which reconstructs the thought of Pope Paul VI on the liturgical reform. The article comes as the Vatican is still awaiting a response from the Lefebvre traditionalists, related to the Tridentine liturgy in Latin. "The liturgical renewal promoted by Vatican II” - writes Chiaramello - “has certainly found in Paul VI an authentic promoter and interpreter.”
He wanted to give the impetus to the liturgical reform, specify the criteria, to maintain the momentum, make a study of the issues, define the project, to explain to the people of God, to defend it from the unwarranted, capturing every time the key points, and of particular relevance to the life of the Church, urging the people of God, on several occasions, to embrace the fundamental principle: active participation.
For Giovanni Battista Montini, Church and liturgy were 'an indissoluble identity”, as a eminent place for living the Christian experience The liturgical renewal gave an always more authentic face to the liturgy, which gave a more authentic face to the Church.'
The former Archbishop of Milan, Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini, is apparently close to death. Incumbent Cardinal Angelo Scola called on the faithful to pray for his 85-year-old predecessor. Martini's health had deteriorated significantly, the archdiocese said on Thursday evening in a statement on its website. The Cardinal, one of the most influential figures in the Italian church has suffered from Parkinson's disease for many years. According to Italian media, Martini has since Thursday been violently coughing and wheezing. His doctors needed to sedate him. Meanwhile, his closest relatives have been called to the bedside, among them his sister Maris Martini. Two months ago Martini stopped his weekly guest posts for the daily newspaper "Corriere della Sera". His illness had given him a "clear signal" to withdraw from the worldly affairs and to prepare for eternity, he wrote. The Jesuit and renowned biblical scholar Martini is one of the most popular Italian churchmen. For years, he was one of the key figures in the dialogue between the Church and society. At times, he was also considered a candidate for the papacy. In controversies surrounding the practice and teaching of the Catholic Church, he constantly supported more open positions. Since 1979, Archbishop of Milan, Martini lived alternately after his retirement in 2002 in Jerusalem and Italy, until his illness in 2008 finally forced him to return to his homeland.